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Writing Process

Five Steps of the Writing Process

Stage 1: Gathering Ideas (Prewriting)


Brainstorm, freewrite, cluster, cube, ask questions, read, interview others, relate aloud, or reflect.


Select and narrow a topic.


Discover a purpose for writing.


Analyze your audience.


Stage 2: Drafting


Get your ideas down on paper.


Don't be concerned about sentence structure, word choice, grammar, spelling, and punctuation.


Write a tentative thesis statement.


Stage 3: Revising


Focus on helping your audience understand your essay,


Improve your organization and supporting details.


Strengthen your introduction, thesis statement, and conclusion.


Polish sentence structure and word choice.


Use peer review.


Stage 4: Editing


Correct errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation.


Use a dictionary and a grammar handbook.


Don't rely on the computer's spell-check and grammar-check to catch all errors.


Keep an editing log.


Stage 5: Publishing


Share your final draft with your audience.


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Ponca School 505 3rd Street Ponca, NE  68770

402.755.5700 Fax: 402.755.5773

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This institution is an equal opportunity provider.

The Ponca Public School District does not discriminate on the basis of sex, disability, race, color, religion, veteran status, national or ethnic origin, age, marital status, pregnancy, childbirth or related medical condition, or other protected status in its programs and activities and provides equal access to the Boy Scouts and other designated youth groups. The following persons have been designated to handle inquiries regarding the non-discrimination policies:

Students: Mr. Duane Krusemark, Superintendent of Schools, PO Box 568, Ponca, NE 68770 (402) 755-5700 (duanekrusemark@poncaschool.org).

Employees and Others: Mr. Duane Krusemark, Superintendent of Schools, PO Box 568, Ponca, NE 68770 (402) 755-5700 (duanekrusemark@poncaschool.org).

Complaints or concerns involving discrimination or needs for accommodation or access should be addressed to the appropriate Coordinator. For further information about anti-discrimination laws and regulations, or to file a complaint of discrimination with the Office for Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Education (OCR), please contact OCR at One Petticoat Lane, 1010 Walnut Street, 3rd Floor, Suite 320, Kansas City, Missouri  64106, (816) 268-0550 (voice), Fax (816) 268-0599, (800) 877-8339 (telecommunications device for the deaf), or ocr.kansascity@ed.gov.